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    Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska

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    Re: Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska

    Postaj by Admin on pon kol 21, 2017 1:48 am

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    Borbeno oklopno vozilo Hrvatske vojske Patria 8x8 na dobrom je putu da prestane biti “najskuplji vojni kamion na svijetu”, kako ga u šali nazivaju u vojsci.  Godinama već, naime, traju pokušaji da se više od 120 hrvatskih oklopnih vozila dostojno naoruža kako ne bi bili tek skupi oklopljeni transporteri. Istina je da su neke Patrije naoružane norveškom (proizvođač Konsberg) oružanom stanicom od 12,7 mm s termovizijskom kamerom za mogućnost djelovanja noću, laserskim daljinomjerom i označivačem cilja, no tek sada na Patrije dolazi teže naoružanje.  Do kraja ovog mjeseca ili početkom rujna MORH će potpisati ugovor o nabavi osam daljinski upravljanih oružanih stanica 30 mm s protuoklopnim raketnim sustavom (DUOS-30L).

    Taj je natječaj trajao dvije godine, a odabrana je ponuda tvrtke Elbit Systems iz Izraela s vlastitom stanicom UT30MK2 koja se sastoji od topa 30 mm i spregnute strojnice 7,62x51 mm, te protuoklopni raketni sustav Spike čiji je proizvođač također izraelska tvrtka Rafael.

    Stiže 'pravo' oružje za hrvatske Patrije: Izraelski top 30 mm i rakete Spike!


    Izrael je tijekom pregovora spojio dvije svoje tvrtke s ciljem prodaje najboljeg i provjerenog proizvoda, a po nižoj natječajnoj cijeni

    Borbeno oklopno vozilo Hrvatske vojske Patria 8x8 na dobrom je putu da prestane biti “najskuplji vojni kamion na svijetu”, kako ga u šali nazivaju u vojsci. Godinama već, naime, traju pokušaji da se više od 120 hrvatskih oklopnih vozila dostojno naoruža kako ne bi bili tek skupi oklopljeni transporteri.

    Istina je da su neke Patrije naoružane norveškom (proizvođač Konsberg) oružanom stanicom od 12,7 mm s termovizijskom kamerom za mogućnost djelovanja noću, laserskim daljinomjerom i označivačem cilja, no tek sada na Patrije dolazi teže naoružanje. Do kraja ovog mjeseca ili početkom rujna MORH će potpisati ugovor o nabavi osam daljinski upravljanih oružanih stanica 30 mm s protuoklopnim raketnim sustavom (DUOS-30L).
    Taj je natječaj trajao dvije godine, a odabrana je ponuda tvrtke Elbit Systems iz Izraela s vlastitom stanicom UT30MK2 koja se sastoji od topa 30 mm i spregnute strojnice 7,62x51 mm, te protuoklopni raketni sustav Spike čiji je proizvođač također izraelska tvrtka Rafael. Po najnižoj cijeni Zanimljivo je da ove oružane stanice isporučuje izraelski Elbit, koji prodaje svoj top 30 mm, ali u kupoli spaja protuoklopni sustav s dvije vođene protuoklopne rakete Spike koje proizvodi konkurentski vojni proizvođač – Rafael. Riječ je o jednom od vodećih svjetskih proizvođača raketnih sustava, čije su rakete tipa Spike ocijenjene kao vjerojatno najbolje na svijetu. Verzija koju nabavlja Hrvatska, Spike-LR, projektil je dugog dometa koji uništava oklop debljine 700 mm na udaljenosti od 4000 metara. Probija i oklopnjake i tenkove opskrbljene reaktivnom protuoklopnom zaštitom. S obzirom na to da je u ožujku 2017. ministar obrane Damir Krstičević u Izraelu potpisao Memorandum o razumijevanju u području obrane – Izrael je tijekom pregovora spojio svoje dvije tvrtke s ciljem prodaje najboljeg i provjerenog proizvoda, a po nižoj natječajnoj cijeni, kažu u MORH-u.
    Navodno je na taj spoj utjecao i izraelski ministar obrane Avigdor Lieberman, koji uskoro stiže u uzvratni posjet Krstičeviću u Zagreb. Tako će Oružane snage RH nabaviti osam DUOS vatrenih stanica za 93,616.485 kuna s PDV-om, kolika je bila pobjednička ponuda Elbita. Inače, bila su tri ponuditelja, Elbit, Đuro Đaković Specijalna vozila d.d. i Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. Rangirani su prema kriteriju za odabir ponude – najnižoj cijeni uz zadovoljavanje svih tehničkih uvjeta. Prije donošenja odluke o odabiru Ministarstvo obrane zahtijevalo je testiranje. Nakon Elbita s ponudom manjom od 94 milijuna kuna, drugorangirani je bio Rafael sa 106,13 milijuna kuna, a trećerangirani Đuro Đaković s 211,45 milijuna (sve s PDV-om). Dosegli ‘NATO sposobnost’ Činjenica da je hrvatski ponuditelj Đuro Đaković bio više nego dvostruko skuplji od drugih nije razveselila upućene. Šteta je da ova hrvatska tvrtka, koja je Patrije i proizvela u Slavonskom Brodu, te razvijala s norveškim partnerom Konsbergom oružanu stanicu 30 mm, neće i dovršiti posao naoružavanja Patrija. Pogotovu što je tvrtka u problemima. Pokazalo se da je, osim cijene, problem i što je Đuro u ponudi naveo američke protuoklopne rakete Javelin, koje imaju manji domet (2500 m).

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    Vatrene stanice bit će isporučivane sukcesivno do kraja 2018. godine, a u Oružanim snagama nadaju se da će nekoliko Patrija biti opremljeno i potpuno naoružano do početka 2018., kada u Litvu odlazi postrojba HV-a. Stanice će se kompletno izrađivati u Izraelu, a u Hrvatskoj će ih montirati ovlašteni zastupnik Elbita, tvrtka Luveti d.o.o. (i kooperanti). Obuku za upravljanje vatrenim stanicama provodit će izraelski instruktori po sustavu “train the trainer”, dakle obučit će dio naših posada borbenih vozila, a oni će kasnije obučavati ostale naše posade. U MORH-u su zadovoljni jer će nabava DUOS 30L-a pridonijeti višoj razini borbene učinkovitosti Gardijske motorizirane brigade, koja dobiva dodatnu sposobnost vođenja protuoklopne borbe na daljinama do 4 km što nam je zadano kao “NATO sposobnost”. A dobiva se i viša razina paljbene moći koju pruža top 30 mm. U vojskama Poljske i Slovenije ovaj se sustav pokazao kao moćan, precizan, pouzdan i učinkovit.


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    Zadnja promjena: Admin; uto kol 22, 2017 9:30 pm; ukupno mijenjano 1 put.
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    Re: Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska

    Postaj by Admin on uto kol 22, 2017 8:49 pm

    Stize nam bitno pojacanje: Spike LR
    Navodne glasine kazu: "100 K dolara za Spike raketu"

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    Javelin, Cornet and Spike


    Javelin


    FGM-148 or "Dzhevlin" is the first South American serial portable complex (ATRA), the third generation. It is designed to destroy the protected objects (bunkers, gun emplacements long), soaring smallish low-speed air targets (unmanned aerial vehicles, reconnaissance and helicopters), but first of armored vehicles. Development of anti-tank systems were conducted in the United States since 1986 Concern «Javelin Joint Venture», FGM-148 was created with the aim to substitute M47 Dragon, which was in service with the U.S. Army since 1975. Was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1996. Extensively used during the war in Iraq.

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    Javelin

    Initially, it was planned to put in the Army and U.S. Marine Corps about 74 thousand of these missile systems for 6 years. But in the upcoming supply volumes were reduced by more than half, and the period of supply increased to 11 years. It was assumed that "Dzhevlin" will be available for export in the amount of 40 — 70 thousand units. But the price of one missile was about 80 thousand U.S. dollars, which is the third part of the manufacturer exceeds the stated value when making by the army.

    Rockets complex FGM-148 made on a "fire and forget". To this end they are equipped with infrared homing. Rockets are made according to the traditional aerodynamic design — with opening wings. They are able to storm the goal of a shallow and false line of motion, which, in combination with a strong tandem shaped-charge warhead can without problems affect all modern tanks. The system of "soft start" allows to create start-up of the premises.

    1.Connect the starter, transport and launch container with a missile.
    2. Removing the front cover transport and launch container.
    3. Inclusion complex and cooling seeker.
    4. Produce a "target acquisition" and choose the type of attack.
    5. Push the button "start".

    This complex has the following advantages:
    1. The rocket can be imposed in bad weather when the criteria areas and excessive smoke NIGHT MODE. This is a big advantage over similar complexes of the 2nd generation, which is not equipped thermal sight.
    2. Missile guidance is done without the active target illumination that unmasks not place a missile launch and operation of systems does not provoke smoke screen laying on the armor.
    3. Usually, the missile strikes armored vehicles in less secure higher part. Because of this, the residual jet stream has supreme power even when the injurious armor penetration.
    4. The missile is completely insensitive to the means available today, active protection, which are not are kept under the control of the higher part of armored vehicles.
    5. Rocket does not respond to opto-electronic means of oppression, because the guidance system does not accept the modulated signal as induced by a distant source of infrared radiation of the range (engine, the exhaust system).

    And bugs:

    1. ATRA can only hit targets in the area in line of sight. And it calls into the swing of it fighting ability at a distance greater than 1 kilometer.
    2. Very inefficient use complex for shooting at a distance of 0.5 kilometers, since in such distances proven themselves even more cheap and easy hand-held grenade launchers. However, adjusted for the fact that the hand grenade may well destroy the target with only light armor.
    3. The shooter can not affect the flight of the rocket after launch. But when the target temperature is not sufficiently different from the temperature relief items, for example, in the desert, the missile can lose target.
    4. High price. Price trigger about 125 thousand dollars, and the rocket about 80 thousand dollars.
    5. Before starting to produce cooling missiles homing that cumulatively over time to capture the target is about 1 minute.
    6. Specialists on the armament of different countries celebrate poor performance of similar systems, as rockets hit in the turret is not provided wholly removing it from the system.


    "Cornet"


    Antitank missile system 9K135 or "Cornet" (according to systematize NATO AT-14 Spriggan), was developed by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau. This ATRA 2nd generation. It is created on the basis of complex tank weapons "Reflex", and has a major decision to build it. Designed to defeat tanks and other armored vehicles, including the ERA. There is a modification of the "Kornet-E", which is capable of hitting aerial targets.

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    ATGM "Kornet-E" were seen in the fighting between the Israeli army and the group "Hezbollah" in the south of Libya in 2006.

    The shortcomings of the complex:

    The significant weight of the launcher and missiles in TPK — about 50 kg.
    ATGM is over the target by a laser beam, which unmasks the installation position.
    Calculation of the installation consists of 2 persons.

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    Advantages:

    1. The relatively low price of the rocket and launcher — about 30 thousand U.S. dollars.
    2. It is possible to adjust the flight on the march.
    3. Sure hitting targets at ranges of up to 5.5 kilometers. ??
    4. Highest armor — up to 1200 mm homogeneous armor that allows you to hit at least some of the currently available tanks.


    "Spike"


    Antitank missile system third generation "Spike" — development of the Israeli company «Rafael». Designed for the destruction of tanks, fortifications and engineering facilities, and all other purposes.


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    Heat seeker missiles is in the bow of the rocket after it placed the electronics and predkumulyativny charge, followed by marching engine. In the central part of the case is the gyro and battery compartment. For the central compartment in which are located the rocket folding wings, is basic shaped charge with automatic charging and fuse. Folding handlebars and controls the drive, start the engine and the coil of fiber-optic cables are located in the rear of the chassis.

    The main feature of ATRA "Spike" is the possibility of a fiber-optic data transmission launcher operator and the ability to control the flight target acquisition and missile homing after launch. This extends the range of much of its combat deployment.

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    Of the advantages of the complex must be emphasized:

    1. No need for cooling infrared homing head before starting.
    2. There are four versions with different missile flight range.
    3. Ability to change the target after the missile launch to the changing values in action.
    4. The possibility of obtaining intelligence in real time and the ability to target identification.
    5. According to the manufacturers, it is the highest degree of accuracy of hitting — you can choose not only the goal, and a point on it.
    6. The ability to capture target after launch missiles from a closed position.
    7. Ability to produce self-destruction missiles as needed.

    Disadvantages:

    1. The highest value is the launcher and missiles — about 250 thousand dollars U.S..
    2. Very difficult to develop production, which does not allow to make mass production systems.
    3. The complexity of managing complex. Requires special training of the operator.


    Comparative table of TTX ATRA FGM-148 "Javelin" 9K135 "Cornet", "Spike"

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      Sada je: sri ruj 20, 2017 8:22 pm.